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Database on Tourism Impacts

This database includes theoretical remarks and case studies that illustrate economic, environmental and cultural impacts of tourism. In addition, it contains information on such areas where tourism development can create opportunities for sustainable development. The case studies are from Central and Eastern European countries.

If you would like to submit a case study to this database, please check guidelines for case study preparation and contact Katarzyna Sliwa.

Economic dimension Environmental dimension Cultural dimension Opportunities
Poisitive impacts
Negative impacts

Economical Dimension

Positive Impacts: Stimulation of local economic cycles

Tourism can provide a boost to the local economy Case Study: Eco-tourism in the Northern Area of Piatra Craiului National Park — an example of local services development in Brasov/Zarnesti, Romania
Tourism development can support the creation of a local supply network Case Study: Impacts of the International World Music and Land Art Festival “SHESHORY”, Ivano-Frankivsk region, Ukraine

Positive Impacts: Capacity building and training for the local population resulting in the creation of long-term employment possibilities

Enabling local people to take advantage of new and additional job opportunities Case Study: Seminars on Sustainable Tourism in Banska Stiavnica, Slovakia

Negative Impacts: Distortion of the public economy

Tourism is very often overestimated as the sole way out of economic problems of a region Case Study: Over-reliance on Tourism in Sovata, Romania

Negative Impacts: Increase in local disparities

External investments allow sudden boosts but may bring forth a long depression if the destination proves to be unsuccessful Case Study: Unfinished Ski Centre in Crni Vrh, Kucaj Mountain, Serbia

Ecological Dimension

Positive Impacts: Use of tourism-related income for nature protection

Financing of nature protection efforts through tourism Case Study: The Ecological Farm of Mr. and Mrs. Kavka — Vyskovec (Bile Karpaty), Czech Republic
Sustainable tourism development affords the establishment of responsible resource management and thus contributes to the conservation of resources Case Study: The Azure San River Programme for Better Resource Management, Poland

Positive Impacts: Environmental awareness raising through educational activities in the course of sustainable tourism development

The concept of sustainable tourism contributes to a better understanding of nature among the local population and tourists Case study: Awareness Raising in the Tourist Area Vydrovo Valley, Central Slovakia

Negative Impacts: Landscape and nature destruction (e.g. through infrastructural expansion)
Increase of environmental pressures: air and water pollution, contribution to Climate Change

A large attendance of visitors to ecologically vulnerable areas causes a loss in biodiversity Case Study: Unmanaged Tourism at theCertoryje National Nature Reserve — Lucina Recreation Area (Bile Karpaty), Czech Republic
The splinter development of infrastructure as well as the connected sealing of soil disrupts the balance of ecosystems and leads to an alteration of the landscape character Case study: Ski Lift Splinters on Pilsko Mountain, Beskid Żywiecki

Negative Impacts: Increase of environmental pressures: air and water pollution, contribution to Climate Change

Exceeding the carrying capacity of both natural resources and appropriate management capabilities enlarges the environmental pollution of water, air and soil Case study: Exceeded Carrying Capacity in Slavs’ke area, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine
The journeys towards and within the destination, e.g. by plane or car and the related increase in energy use, result in CO2 emissions and air pollution, which contribute immensely to climate change Case study needed

Socio-Cultural Dimension

Positive Impacts: Appreciation and conservation of the local culture

Tourism can contribute to a new self-confidence of the locals which results in their own will to keep their traditions and customs alive Case Study: Traditional Events in the National Park Djerdap and its Vicinity, Serbia

Positive Impacts: Cultural exchange as a driving force for mutual understanding and peace

The convergence of tourists and hosts in a destination fosters a process of approximation, understanding and peace Case Study: The Gömör-Torna Festival in Aggtelek (Hungary) and Slovensky Kras (Slovakia)

Positive Impacts: Support of local participation as an enabling step towards more codetermination

Sound tourism development also means development of local codetermination Case Study: Community Actions in Przysłop Hamlet, Poland

Negative Impacts: Degeneration of cultural values and heritage

Large attendance in formerly authentic tourist regions may change traditional lifestyles, leading either to a loss in traditions in favour of modern lifestyles or to an artificial commercialisation of customs Case study: Loss of Traditions and Artificial Commercialisation of Customs in Bran, Romania

Future opportunities

Benefits of sustainable tourism for areas with many visitors Case study: Potential for Tourism Development around Czorsztyński Reservoir, Poland
Sustainable tourism has potential in such areas where tourism is not yet developed Case Study: Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism on Danube River in the Djerdap National Park, Serbia
Sustainable tourism as a better alternative Case Study: Tourism Development as an Alternative for Controversial Industrial Developments in Roşia Montană, Romania