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AGROMIX will use a participatory and holistic approach to integrate all relevant knowledge required to engage with stakeholders. In doing so, it will provide support to their specific needs in the transition to higher levels of ‘mixed-ness’ and on the integration of farming activities and production lines at farm, landscape and regional levels.

Modelling research will be used to advance on the existing knowledge depending on the innovation, e.g. farm level change, value chain re-design and/or system approaches.

This will allow for the development of activities aimed at maximising research impacts to improve the climate and socio-economic resilience of both the conventional and organic sectors:

  • Conceptualization of AgroForestry (AF) / Mixed Farming (MF) systems resilience: the current knowledge and best existing practices (i.e. scientific literature, completed projects reports and stakeholders’ networking across Europe) will address the key knowledge gaps on MF/AF systems, resulting into a conceptual framework defining resilience to climate change, policies, and markets and ecosystem services provided by AF/MF systems.
  • Participative AF/MX system design: on-farm measurements will be gathered from real European MF/AF initiatives to develop a site-specific and participative design approach based on the Reflexive Interactive Design (RID-Bos, 2010) to be tested in 12 pilots (coming from a pool of 83 study sites).
  • Transition scenario modelling: the assessment of biophysical indicators of agro-ecosystem resilience in six sites will allow the identification and modelling of key scenarios of land use for resilient management strategies and suitability testing of potential MF and AF systems combinations to different scenarios. It will also refine land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF) emissions inventories for MF/AF systems.
  • Financial and environmental impact assessment: through participatory research, the financial and environmental impact of transitions in MF and AF systems will be tested.
  • Serious-game for decision-making: Interactive georeferencing session will assess the potential of MF and AF systems to deliver agro-ecosystem services. Thus, it will contribute to the development of a dedicated application (MIX-App) as a practical, evidence-based, serious game to support decision making for land management during the transition, as well as help foster interactions among farmers and key stakeholders.
  • Estimation of socio-economic performance, value chains and networks of AF/MX system: analysis of challenges and opportunities at farm and value chain levels in order to optimize MF/AF systems.
  • Policy development: assessment of European Union (EU) existing policies and their role in national and regional implementation to support MF/AF systems. Moreover, identification of strategies for policy improvement through new and improved policy design and implementation options, to policy development to support national and EU (post-2020 CAP) policies to overcome trade-offs and conflicts brought by specialisation scenarios.
  • Knowledge sharing: stakeholder engagement and networking events will give room to multilateral knowledge exchange processes on the benefits from MF/AF systems and to the creation of a shared knowledge access and sharing spaces (i.e. Knowledge Exchange Hubs) across sectors (e.g. academia, industry, policy-makers, consumers).