Towards a climate neutral EU:
efficient allocation of EU funds

Best practice database

This database intends to be a collection of best practices and avoidable mistakes related to EU funding. Any interested citizen or organisation can submit here best practices or examples with lessons learnt after a simple registration. The input will be made public only after an approval and editing by the relevant partner organisation. Only interesting, educational and valid submissions will be accepted, any only those which meet the aim of presenting a positive message. Bad practices can also be submitted but in this case, the submitter must elaborate on lessons learnt and describe how similar mistakes can be avoided in the future. Any measure can be submitted that has an effect on EU funding, including policies, legislations as well as programmes and projects.

Filter by country


Currently there are 15 best practices in our database:



Management of biodegradable waste in Baia Mare: a Romania–Ukraine cross-border cooperation

Country: Romania Area: Local (e.g. city, village)

This project is a cross-border cooperation between lead partner Baia Mare Municipality (located in the Maramures Region in Romania) and Ivano-Frankivsk and Kolomyia (two cities in south-west Ukraine). The project aim is to pursue joint initiatives to strengthen cooperation between the three cities in developing a social, economic and environmental plan for the effective collection and recovery of biodegradable waste. This effort is the result of the Hungary-Slovakia-Romania-Ukraine European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)...

Read More

Improving the conservation state of biodiversity in Piatra Craiului National Park through awareness raising, education, infrastructure and monitoring (SMIS-CSNR 36865)

Country: Romania Area: Regional

The objective of this project was to improve the conservation status of one of Romania's most beautiful and well-known parks. The main goal was to create conditions to limit the enviornmental impact of locals and tourists visiting the park. The first group to be targeted was park personnel: 12 employees received professional training in park management and caretaking. Locals and park visitors were the next focus group. Of an estimated 40,000 people living in the area, roughly 5,000 are school children. With education as a high priority,...

Read More

Management and Utilisation of Urban Forests as Natural Heritage in Cluj-Napoca (part of the Danube Cities – URBforDAN project)

Country: Romania Area: Local (e.g. city, village)

The URBforDAN project looks to address actual needs and challenges linked to the sustainable management of natural heritage, especially urban and peri-urban forests within areas of the Danube Region. The project involves seven partner cities: Ljubljana, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Vienna, Zagreb, Belgrade, and Ivano-Frankivsk. An 'urban or peri-urban forest' (UPF) is a network or system comprising  any combination of dense woodland, groups of trees or individual trees located in urban or peri-urban areas. There is a total area of 700...

Read More

Valorisation of geo-heritage for sustainable and innovative tourism development of the Haţeg UNESCO Global Geopark (part of Danube Geoparks)

Country: Romania Area: Regional

The Haţeg UNESCO Global Geopark, managed by the University of Bucharest, is the only UNESCO-recognised geopark in Romania. The park was jointly developed along with eight european geoparks under the collective name of 'Danube Geoparks', and the effort was financed through the Interreg Danube Transnational Programme (2014–2020). The main goal was to improve the strategic and managerial capacity for a growing market of sustainable touristic use of the geoheritage site. The area around Haţeg, called 'Haţeg Country' or...

Read More

The development of zero-emission bus transport (RRF) in Hungary

Country: Hungary Area: National

The project’s goal is to improve the quality and operational efficiency of local and suburban public-transport services and reduce their environmental impact by purchasing new electric buses. Municipalities with a population of at least 25,000 (and the companies responsible for local public-transport services) can apply for a total of 300 new electrically powered buses with at least 22 seats, in addition to related charging infrastructure to replace old, polluting buses. The European Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) intends to...

Read More

The geothermal heating of municipalities: a former best practice, discontinued

Country: Hungary Area: Local (e.g. city, village)

In Hungary, between 2006 and 2013, several municipalities received EU funding to implement geothermal heating systems for households, public buildings, and industrial and agricultural facilities. Hungary has a good geothermal potential, currently ~15% of the potential is in use. Geothermal heating systems provide cheap and clean renewable energy at moderate maintenance costs, and they generate steady revenue for the municipality, adding good potential for regional development as well. For example, the town of Veresegyház developed its...

Read More

A mistake to avoid: setting weak decarbonisation criteria for subsidies to investment in SME productivity improvements

Country: Slovenia Area: National

Topic: Subsidies for SMEs that invest in new machinery to improve productivtiy and competitiveness, as well as energy and material efficiency. While this public tender at first glance seems to be a good practice and has the potential to contribute to decarbonisation, the environmental criteria are vastly insufficient and only represent 25% of the possible points of this tender. In particular, the requirements to improve energy efficiency and material efficiency by just 10% do not go much beyond 'business as usua'l and potentially even...

Read More

Regional railway in Lower Silesia

Country: Poland Area: National

Poland has one of the lowest per capita railway-usage rates in the EU. Many regions have very little rail infrastructure and few trains in operation. A significant number of railways have ceased operations since 1995, with a peak number of closures taking place in 1999. EU funding from 2004 has raised the quality of rail service in many regions, but overall conditions remain well below West European standards. Lower Silesia is one region in Poland with a relatively high density of rail infrastructure, but many lines have been closed or...

Read More

Wastewater treatment in Slovenia

Country: Slovenia Area: Local (e.g. city, village)

Based on available funding from the Recovery & Resilience Programme, Slovenia's Ministry of Environment issued a tender on wastewater treatment for settlements with fewer than 2,000 inhabitants. The primary aim of this effort is to address the fact these small settlements did not formerly qualify for programme support in previous years when similar projects were carried out to benefit larger towns and cities.

Read More

New Green Savings

Country: Czech Republic Area: National

Since 2009, different phases of the country-wide Green in Savings programmes have significantly contributed to Czech achievements in the buildings sector in terms of energy efficiency and emission reductions. The programme focuses on reducing the energy consumption of residential buildings (insulation), construction or purchase of houses with very low energy consumption, environmentally friendly heating methods, renewable energy sources and, more recently, adaptation and mitigation measures in response to climate change. During the 2014-2021...

Read More

Electrification of railways

Country: Czech Republic Area: National

This is just one of several projects in the Czech Republic funded through the Recovery & Resilience Facility. The 'Sustainable transport' policy objective mainly includes investments in the electrification and security of buildings and railway lines, and thus represents an increase in public investment. This particular investment includes the electrification of railway lines and the provision of traction power at substations to ensure capacity to handle an increased volume of rail traffic. The overall aim is to develop...

Read More

Improving the conservation status of bison in Vânători Neamț National Park

Country: Romania Area: Regional

This project aimed to improve the conservation status of bison in Romania's Vânători Neamț National Park and to create conditions for a self-sustaining population of the species in the wild. After vanishing centuries ago from the Carpathian Forest, bison were reintroduced to the area in 2012. The bison serves as an umbrella species in the local ecology and helps strengthen ecological balance in wilderness park areas. As of 2019, 30 bison have been released into Vânători Neamț National Park, only the third location in...

Read More

LIFE-MICACC: Introduction of sustainable ecosystem-based water management practices coordinated by municipalities

Country: Hungary Area: Local (e.g. city, village)

The project’s main goal was to test, introduce and foster the integration of sustainable, ecosystem-based water management approaches into natural resources management strategies and land-use planning practice of local governments in Hungary, and thus to improve the resilience of vulnerable municipalities by reducing their risks stemming from climate change. • Pilot projects were completed in five small, rural municipalities with a moderate total budget of EUR 560,000 (between EUR 10,000 and EUR 125,000 for individual projects) to...

Read More

A mistake to avoid: EIB loan to finance a massive airport development project without environmental impact assessment and public consultations

Country: Hungary Area: National

In 2018, the European Investment Bank (EIB) committed EUR 200 million to help finance the development of the Budapest Airport, 16 km from the centre of Budapest. The project comprised a number of measures to alleviate current congestion, accommodate future growth in passenger and cargo traffic, and improve airport safety and security. The project was expected to expand the capacity of the airport from the current 15 million to 21 million passengers per year, assuming a 50% increase in air traffic by 2030. Works included the construction of a...

Read More
European Climate Initiative (EUKI)
This project is part of the European Climate Initiative (EUKI). EUKI is a project financing instrument by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK). The EUKI competition for project ideas is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. It is the overarching goal of the EUKI to foster climate cooperation within the European Union (EU) in order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.