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National Animals of CEE-countries

A national symbols have important role: they represent the uniqueness of the nation, unite people and enhance history and valued of the people. Symbols can be animals, trees ,flowers or objects representing the nation. Many countries even have several symbols, though also some have no official symbols chosen. Did you know these some following national animals of the central and eastern European countries?

Albania – Golden eagle: Golden eagle is the most common national animal in the world: 5 nations have chosen it as their national animal! Natura 2000 species.

Belarus – European bison: European bison were hunted to extinction in the wild, with the last wild animals being shot in 1919 and 1927. They have since been reintroduced from captivity into several countries in Europe. Now vulnerable. Natura 2000 species.

Croatia – Marten: In the Middle Ages marten pelts were highly valued goods used as a form of payment in Slavonia, the Croatian Littoral and Dalmatia. Kuna, the Croatian word for marten, is the name of the modern Croatian currency. A marten is depicted on the 1, 2, and 5 kuna coins.

Estonia – The barn swallow: In the past, the tolerance for the barn swallow was reinforced by superstitions. People believed if one did damage to the Barn Swallow’s nest it might lead to cows giving bloody milk or no milk at all, or hens ceasing to lay. This may be a reason in the longevity of swallows’ nests: regular time for one nest is for 10–15 years, and one nest was reported to have been occupied for 48 years. Least Concern. N2K-species.

Latvia – White wagtail: The most known habit of this species is a near-constant tail wagging that has given the species its common name. Anyhow the reasons for it are poorly understood. It has been suggested that it may flush prey, or signal submissiveness to other wagtails, and maybe it might even be a signal of vigilance to potential predators. Natura 2000 species.

Lithuania – White stork: In the European folklore, the stork is responsible for bringing babies to new parents. The legend is very ancient, but was popularised by a 19th-century by H.C Andersen’s story. According the German folklore storks found babies in caves or marshes and brought them to households in a basket. The babies would then be given to the mother or dropped down the chimney. Parents would notify when wanting children by placing sweets for the stork on the window sill. Natura 2000 species.

Romania – Lynx: There are four species of lynx: the Spanish lynx, Canadian lynx, Eurasian lynx and the bobcat. The lynx can make a variety of sounds that resemble a house cat’s meows, hisses and purrs. Natura 2000 species.

Serbia – Wolf: The gray wolf is one of the world’s most well known and well researched animals, with probably more books written about it than any other wildlife species. Wolves communicate by howling and researches believe it is to let other wolves to know where they are or to start hunt. Some wolves may even howl for fun. Natura 2000 species.

Sources: http://www.livescience.com/27909-wolves.html, www.wikipedia.org, http://www.livescience.com/28220-lynx.html,