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17 March 2021

VIDEO CONTEST “Connectivity for all!”

Are you up for a challenge? Make a video about animal migration needs and join our video-contest “Connectivity for all!”

  • Do you enjoy making videos?
  • Do you like nature and wildlife?
  • Do limits to your movement, travelling and freedom, such as borders and fences, annoy you?

Did you answer ‘yes’ 3 times over? Then you are the right person to take part in our challenge!

We invite school pupils, university students and young adults to join our video contest by making a video centred on the wild animals that coexist alongside us — that live in the forests behind our homes, the fields on the outskirts of our cities and the bushes lining our roads, and how this close proximity can be very dangerous for wildlife and what we can do to help.

Who can join the contest?

  • Students and young adults in:
    • Category 1: secondary schools, pupils aged 14-17
    • Category 2: youth, including university students, aged 18-25
  • Participants must be enrolled in a school/university in one of the following countries: Romania, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary or Serbia.

What video can compete?

  • What: An up to 2-minute-long video in which you show what you think about how our human activities and lifestyles impact animals and their migration habits and what we could do to help.
  • Who: You may make a video by yourself or in a group of up to 5 people.
  • How:  Your imagination is the limit! The video can be an animation, a stop-motion film, a collage, a live-recording of scenes you witness outside, an interview, a song… 
  • Language: Submissions in your local language will also be accepted, but, if possible, we would prefer if you made your movie in English.

How to participate in the contest?

In order to participate in the video contest, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Make your video using your mobile phone or any other device you feel comfortable with.
  2. The video-contest is hosted on the video-sharing platform ‘YouTube’. Create an account and upload your video (if you are below 16 years old and live in Romania, Slovakia or Hungary, or below 15 years old in Serbia or the Czech Republic, your legal guardian must do this for you). When you upload your video, please consider:
    • The title of your video should follow this format: “Contest Category XY: Title of your video”. For example, if you are a primary school pupil in Slovakia, your video could be called “Contest Category 1: The Bear who wanted to see the World”.
    • If you like, you can note the name of your school or university as well as the country you are from in the video description.
    • Also make sure that your video is appropriate for a child audience and that you check the corresponding box “Yes, it’s made for kids”.
    • Make sure the viewing settings for your video are set to “public” or “unlisted”. This will allow us to display your video on the contest page.
  3. By 28 April 2021 at the latest, formally register yourself or your group, submitting the link where we can find your video, and agreeing to our Information Note detailing how we will use your private information.
    • If you are below 18 years of age, your legal guardian must register and agree to this Information Note note on your behalf.
    • If you are above 18 years old, you may sign this form yourself.
  4. Voting begins on 30 April 2021. All submitted videos will be published on the official YouTube Channel of the ConnectGREEN Project.
  5. Share the link of your video and let your friends know that you took part in the challenge and motivate them to add their voice for the best video, by clicking on the ‘like’ button.
  6. Voting ends on 14 May 2021, at which point no more votes will be accepted.
  7. The winning videos will be announced on 19 May 2021.

Choosing the winners

Your video is competing with the other submissions within your age category in your country. At the end of the contest, 1 winning video will be announced per category in every country. 

Categories 1 (under 18 years of age):

  • The winners will be chosen by a popular vote based on the number of “likes” your video receives.
  • Prize: The winner(s) will be invited to participate in a Wilderness Camp, in collaboration with the ‘Game on!‘ project, as well as to take part in a canoeing tour organised by CEEweb in the Danube.

Category 2 (over 18 years of age): 

  • The winners will be chosen by the members of a jury, each with a background in environmental conservation or filmography, and nominated by the video contest organisers.
  • Prize: The author(s) of the winning video will be invited to attend the stand-up comedy show “Climate Comedy Night,” organised by the ‘Game on!‘ project, during the 2021 summer. A maximum of 5 tickets will be given to the person or team awarded the first place. The author(s)will also be invited to participate in the Carpathian Network of Protected Areas Conference, to be held in Visegrad, Hungary, on 28-30 September 2021. Within it, they will participate in an Award Ceremony plus a gala dinner. Finally, they will also be invited to participate in a canoeing tour, organised by CEEWeb, in the Danube.

Looking for inspiration?

Are you interested in participating in our contest but not sure how or where to start in the making of your movie? Check out some of the examples below for some potential inspiration:

About the organisers

The ConnectGREEN project aims to contribute to maintaining and improving ecological connectivity in the Carpathian ecoregion, namely, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, and Serbia. The project, co-funded by European Union funds (ERDF, IPA), is carried out by 13 partner organisations:

For the Czech Republic:

  • The Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic (AOPK)
  • The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (VUKOZ)

For Hungary:

  • CEEweb for Biodiversity
  • Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences

For Romania:

  • WWF Romania
  • The National Institute for Research and Development in Constructions, Urban Planning and Sustainable Spatial Development (URBAN INCERC)
  • Piatra Craiului National Park Administration

For Slovakia:

  • The Slovak Environment Agency
  • The State Nature Conservancy of the Slovak Republic
  • SPECTRA Centre of Excellence of the EU and Institute of Management of the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

For Serbia:

  • Institute of architecture and urban & spatial planning of Serbia (IAUS)
  • Djerdap National Park

Regional coordination: WWF Central and Eastern Europe

Inquiries

For any questions, please contact us at ceeweb@nullceeweb.org.

15 March 2021

Balaton: A case of Regime Shift

Critical transitions: the Balaton case and a point made for resilience management.

Suddenly and somewhat surprisingly, the famous lake Balaton tourist destination became increasingly greenish and opaque by the end of the 1970s. As a consequence of deteriorating water quality, the change occurred rapidly, resulting in enormous ecological consequences: the death of many animals and plants. The main livelihood of the local people, tourism, also suffered a serious blow. What has happened? The management of the lake did not change much in the past decade. What happened, then?

One of the most important concepts in resilience theory is regime shifts, or in other words, critical transitions. These are large scale changes in social-ecological systems that happen relatively fast and are very hard to reverse. These changes occur suddenly often after a longer period of invisible preparation.

The eutrophication of Balaton was also a regime shift that was in preparation for decades. It started in the ’50s with the massive intensification of agriculture within the watershed, resulting in significant phosphorus pollution — first in the soil, then in the water. The lake sediment had a significant capacity to accumulate and to bind the pollutant, so it could not cause much damage for at least two decades, but after that period of time, this capacity was overwhelmed by the continuing pollution, and phosphorous concentration started to increase in the waterbody as well. As phosphorus is used as a fertilizer on land, it has a similar effect in the water, too: algae started to be produced en masse, making the water murky and greenish. This change had many other consequences: as the water turned murky, no light could reach the submerged plants in the water — this killed these plants in a short time. Losing them also removed their roots, which stabilized the sediment — this change leading to even more phosphorus to be released, making the problem worse. The changes in vegetation also reduced the oxygen concentration in the water, another factor that facilitated the release of phosphorus from the chemical bonds it stored for a long time.

As the shift happened, all the past pollutants that were safely stored in the sediment became available, reinforcing and stabilizing this new state of the lake. The sediment that was once a sink for the pollutant now became a source of it.

These are the self-reinforcing processes that are stabilizing a new stable state. Before the regime shift happened, a relatively moderate effort could have prevented it; after the transition, reversing the transformation needs a heroic intervention — if possible at all.

In Balaton, past pollutants that were once safely stored in the sediment became available, reinforcing and stabilizing the new state of the lake: the sediment that was once a sink for the pollutant now became a source of it.

Regime shifts are often depicted with a landscape with two valleys where a ball can be found in one of them. In normal circumstances, the ball is wobbling around randomly, following smaller disturbances and events, but it is always able to roll back to the bottom of the valley — this is the first stable state. If some external force changes the depth of the valley, or an unusually strong disturbance pushes it over the hill between the two valleys, it is possible that the ball ends up on the other side. These different disturbances are present, and a differently shaped valley will keep the ball from leaving its new stable state.

This transition is a regime shift. The shape of the valley defines the resilience of the stable state — the wider and deeper it is, the larger the force is necessary to push the ball out of the stability domain. This picture also explains why it is much easier to prevent a regime shift than to reverse it. The shape of the valley is determined by the value of the slow variables in the system — managing slow variables is the single most important intervention point for resilience management.


Further reading and source of images: Scheffer, Marten. 2001. ‘Alternative Attractors of Shallow Lakes’. The Scientific World Journal 1: 254–63. https://doi.org/10/dx3p5b.

8 March 2021

Variability: The X Factor

Understanding the need for protecting ecosystemic variability is critical: it brings a much needed functional diversity to handle ecosystem shocks.

Resilience is not stillness or rigidity. When C. S. Holling first described the term, his main finding was how variability is present in all ecosystems. His example case was how unexpected outbreaks of the spruce budworm (Choristoneura freemani) maintains the spruce-fir balance in the forests of eastern Canada.

The arrival of the budworm is hardly predictable and is disastrous for foresters. The outbreak happens suddenly, large masses of worms emerge, and in a few years’ time defoliate most of the forest in a huge area. Normally, predators control the population of the worm, but when the forest gets older, they find abundant food that creates a very favourable condition for rapid population growth. If a few dry years follow each other, the balance between the budworm and its predators tips toward the worm and an outbreak happens.

It turns out, the forest needs these outbreaks. Without them, fir would dominate spruce that would eventually disappear from the forest. Since the budworm prefers fir as its food, after each outbreak, the population of spruce becomes stronger; thus, the diversity of the forest is strengthened. Worms also prefer older trees, thus younger stands survive better that is also useful for the renewal of the forest in the longer term.

Variability is part of the normal in ecological systems — in fact, in all complex adaptive systems. This is true for rivers and floods, forests and pests, game and diseases, forests and wind, temperature and agriculture, etc.

Even sustainability-oriented management is often aspiring to control the system, producing maximum sustainable yield, defining carrying capacity for various pressures, etc. The problem with this approach is that it leads to over-optimization of the system, which is highly efficient but usually also aims to control disturbances and thus reduces biodiversity. Without disturbances and sub-optimal events in the system, the only ecological process is competition; thus, the most efficient species will take all place and resources. The problem is that these kinds of systems become highly vulnerable to more and more shocks as they lack the functional diversity to handle shocks that would be normal in that specific ecological context. This high vulnerability is leading to one of the two outcomes: collapse or rigidity trap. 

When a system collapses, a shock or disturbance is causing major disruption, many of the capital that was accumulated during the prolonged and highly efficient production phase will be released and the system has to rebuild itself. The other option is to control and monitor the system with ever greater effort, using more and more technology to keep out disturbances and continue the optimization for a single ecosystem service. While in theory this is a viable strategy, usually, sooner or later, these systems also collapse.

Variability is necessary for ecosystem resilience.

Variability is part of the normal in ecological systems — in fact, in all complex adaptive systems. This is true for rivers and floods, forests and pests, game and diseases, forests and wind, temperature and agriculture, etc.

5 March 2021

Member Spotlight: ORCA

Focused on helping people in Serbia and the Western Balkans to care about nature and the wellbeing of animals, CEEweb Member ORCA is currently implementing the programme ‘Your Place in Serbia’ to support local initiatives.

Get to know more of ORCA at https://orca.rs/en/

In order to encourage change in the areas of animal welfare and nature protection, the Organisation for Respect and Care of Animals (ORCA), supports authentic citizens’ initiatives from all over Serbia. These initiatives are led and conducted by local activists who invest their own knowledge and energy and encourage others to join them and be active.

Even though local communities have enough resources to become better, they first have to recognize those resources and dedicate them to the benefit of the whole community. ORCA believes that citizens have great power in their hands and that dedicated individuals and groups can make big changes in their communities and protect nature and animals. Still, these changes can only occur only if they act systemically, deliberately, and persistently. Thus, ORCA, headquartered in Belgrade, Serbia, and one of CEEweb Members, aims to encourage respect for activism by shining a light on the good examples — authentic groups that work to develop a sense of community and trust, and that foster collaboration to make their environment better.

Some of the initiatives that ORCA supports include: 

On the edge of survival: Did you know that the largest and rarest of eagles in Serbia flies above the small town of Arilje, in southwestern Serbia? It is the golden eagle. The organisation “Rzav” is dedicated to making a feeding ground for them, vultures and other bird and mammal species above the Veliki Rzav river while including the whole community to care for them.

Together for children’s smiles: In order to improve the health and well-being of children and urban wildlife, the organisation “Sowers of joy” is working to transform a plain open ground into the first garden playground for children in the small village of Varvarin. The citizens will join together to plant trees, shrubs and flowers — all attractive to wildlife.

Keepers of the Seed: More than 30 agricultural producers from the town of Mionica, led by the organisation “Frame of Life,” are working to protect indigenous varieties of fruits and vegetables, bring them back to our tables, and enable us to buy and eat healthy food.

Protect the owls of Srem: Owls are the gems of Sremska Mitrovica, a city in northern Serbia. However, there are some tree pruning techniques, like topping, that are endangering them. The Rural Centre “Owl” is dedicated to protecting this species in Sremska Mitrovica by working with local authorities to change their harmful pruning methods and making the urban owl habitat safer.

For a cleaner Sokobanja: In order to open a dialogue about better waste management in one of the tourist oases in Serbia, Sokobanja, members of Sokobanja’s ecological society visited 90 households, recorded all illegal dumps in Sokobanja with the help of over 100 citizens, and cleaned an illegal dump placed near the river in a joint action with over 60 citizens.

4 March 2021

Climate modelling: Entering the labyrinth

While necessary to perceive what could come, climate modelling can always give as many gaps as answers. Resilience to prevent is the key.

In 1972, Limits to Growth was published. Among other important messages, a definitive view of ‘sustainability’ was also given: a planet living in equilibrium first, then moved out of it by overusing the renewables and liquidating the non-renewables, then a collapse — falling below the carrying capacity, where the same rules apply, just fewer resources are available. After the collapse, if a better strategy is followed, over a long time frame the original level of prosperity can be achieved.

So, what is the message here? There are rules that can be ignored for a while but will be enforced sooner or later. These rules cannot be broken after all and will enforce themselves through a crisis. After the crisis, the same rules will guide a rebuilding process.

While the model behind Limits to Growth was complicated enough and the main message remains true, there are some fundamental problems with the assumptions of the modelling process, and recent scientific results suggest that reality is somewhat bleaker: if we break the planet, we do break the rules, too, and new rules will emerge that stabilize the ‘broken’ situation.

In 2018, a highly cited publication showed how the collapse might change the rules. The authors’ focus was climate change, where several hidden processes might be triggered by the warming started by humans making the whole process faster and irreversible. One of the factors is the melting of permafrost, another is the melting of the polar ice caps, but several others are present in various places on the planet. If or when these tipping points are triggered — the rules change. The equations describing the balance of the CO2 circulation on the planet have to be rewritten, models need to be recalibrated and all currently valid forecasts about climate change have to be revisited. If these triggers are pulled, the old model is no longer valid, the planet enters a new stable state. In this state, solutions to the crisis become completely different, much more complicated, and take much more time. With building resilience on a local and global level, our goal is to avoid this tipping point and similar others and to steer back to a safe space for our society and economy.

While the model behind Limits to Growth was complicated enough and the main message remains true, there are some fundamental problems with the assumptions of the modelling process.
Due to climate change, several hidden processes might be triggered by the warming started by humans, making the whole process faster and irreversible.

3 March 2021

Resilience 101

The concept of ‘resilience’ has been in the mouth of conservationists for a while now. Time to tackle what it stands for.

A resilient person can withstand great personal challenges or losses. A resilient company can adapt to sudden changes in the market or the emergence of a powerful new competitor. A resilient society can self-organize in the face of new challenges and is able to rebound to its normal way of life relatively fast. A resilient ecosystem is able to react to various shocks and disturbances and maintain its biodiversity and ecosystem services.

In more general terms, resilience is the capacity of a system to absorb disturbance and still retain its basic structure and function. Resilience is a feature of complex adaptive systems (CAS). Resilience relies on self-organisation, learning, innovation, information processing, feedbacks and other features that only appear in such systems. Resilience is depending on active response instead of a rigid structure that is able to keep the problems out.

Building a dam to control flood is not resilience; nurturing a habitat that is able to regulate water is. Riparian forests are normally adapted to changing levels of water and are able to control water to a large extent. If a flood is coming, these forests are able to control it, if a dry period follows, they help to keep the soil wet. If floods are managed with dams and other infrastructure, flood controlling ecosystem elements slowly disappear. If the infrastructure fails (as it does all too often), the forests are not there anymore to control the water.

If floods are managed with dams and other infrastructure, flood controlling ecosystem elements slowly disappear.
Riparian forests are normally adapted to changing levels of water and are able to control water to a large extent.

Ecosystems are complex adaptive systems that are kept in place by the dynamic interactions of all the species, land, weather and humans. These interactions react to the behaviour of others. While all elements seem to be free, or maybe living in competition, or seemingly random in their behaviour, in reality, a few balancing forces keep the whole system stable. Stability does not mean rigidity or stillness here. It is not even a dynamic equilibrium in the strict sense of the word — the system is constantly changing. Shocks come and go, disasters happen, humans destroy parts of the system, the weather is changing — yet the whole system remains stable in terms of its ‘identity’: an oak forest, an arid grassland, a farm.

What does stability mean here, then? While the state of the system is in a constant wobble, some elements remain remarkably stable. These elements are connected to all others directly or indirectly and influence their fluctuations. These elements change very slowly, compared to the normal speed of change within the system. We call them slow variables. Slow variables are small in number, crucial in their role and normally not very responsive to external effects. One would think they are constants. In fact, they are not constants, but many other elements in the system are stabilizing them so if one fails, still many others keep it in place. Slow variables define the operating regime of the system. Within the regime, all possible states and behaviours of the system can happen seemingly randomly. Until these variables are not changing, the system will be able to come back to its original state. A disturbance, a shock, climate change or anything can happen — if it does not affect slow variables, the system will remain resilient.

But if something is eroding the forces that stabilize the slow variables, shocks and disturbances have a higher chance of changing the system fundamentally. If this happens, suddenly everything changes. Species go extinct, farms go bankrupt, landscapes change, new species appear, new strategies are needed. Such dramatic changes happen after crossing thresholds or tipping points. Crossing such a threshold is altering the value of a slow variable. Changing the variable can happen fast (if a big shock is happening) or slow (as it is often the case with climate change) but the collapse of the stability of the system usually happens fast. Such change is called a regime shift.

Regime shifts are usually to be avoided. They refer to fundamental changes in landscape and human livelihoods. Many of the local environmental threats we know lead to regime shifts. These changes are often irreversible and even if they are not, it is very hard to go back to a healthy state.

In 2020, CEEweb started a research and policy based project that focuses on resilience in agroecosystems. Our goal is to develop tools and policy recommendations that look at agricultural systems with the resilience lens: how can we maintain their stability? What actions, what policies are necessary? We will explore these questions in theory and in practice in the coming months.

4 December 2020

Monitoring Time in Pirin!

Monitoring Time in Pirin!

CEEweb Member: Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation

The Balkan chamois is endemic to the Balkans subspecies of the Northern chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra). It is also a key species for the mountain ecosystems. The density of its population can reach several dozens of animals per square km. The chamois has a significant impact on the maintenance of open ecosystems and is also a food base for predators such as wolves, lynx, Golden eagles, vultures and crows. The species is strictly protected under the EU Habitats Directive and the Bulgarian Biodiversity Act but is nevertheless subject to regular poaching, including in the national parks.

Thus, between 6 and 9 November 2020, a chamois monitoring practice was conducted as part of the student program organized under the “Future Conservationists” project. Three students, together with experts from the Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation (BBF) Stefan Avramov and Petar Vanev, went to the Pirin National Park with the task to study the number and the distribution of the Balkan chamois in the middle of their wedding period — when they are active in groups and it is easier to be observed. More than 45 chamois were found in the Southern Pirin, and several groups of chamois were found in the Northern Pirin, totalling over than 110 animals which were not afraid of people — an indicator for lack of poaching in the region.

The density of the Balkan Chamois population in the southern part of the Pirin National Park is several times lower, despite the more favourable habitats in the south. The animals there are afraid of people, which shows that poaching in the southern part of the park has not yet been completely eradicated, and it is the greatest danger to this beautiful animal, perfectly adapted to life in the mountains!

The “Future Conservationists” project is funded by the Erasmus+ programme and is implemented jointly by the Association of Parks in Bulgaria, the Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation, the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, and the Czech University of Natural Sciences in Prague.

4 December 2020

Biodiversity and Climate Change Awards 2020

Biodiversity and Climate Change Awards 2020

CEEweb Member: Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation

During an emotional ceremony in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, the most outstanding local activists, journalists, campaigns, businesses, and politicians working for biodiversity protection and climate change mitigation were distinguished. For the 9th time, the Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation (BBF), one of CEEweb for Biodiversity’s network member, organized its special yearly awards to promote the positive examples in nature conservation in Bulgaria, to encourage nature conservation community and their activities, and to inspire them and the citizens to act further. This year, BBF paid special attention to the topic of climate change — one of the biggest global challenges requiring urgent personal and political action.

The nominated NGOs, media, businesses, activists, and politicians gathered on the special Biodiversity and Climate Awards ceremony on 22 October. Simultaneously, during the ceremony, online streaming on Facebook made it possible for more than a thousand people to participate in the event online, to feel the emotions, and to hear the powerful words shared by the winners.

All nominations were publicly accepted; everyone had the chance to propose their favourites, and a total of 58 entries in 5 categories were distinguished this year. The responsibility to choose the best of them was given to an independent jury made of popular Bulgarian journalists, writers, actors and entrepreneurs. Besides, a “public award” winner was chosen through open public voting on Facebook, involving over 7000 users.

As a gift, all winners received a tree with a root, a symbolic scapula — to keep digging in their fields — and various Game On! products, such as t-shirts, metal bottles, and reusable straws. All nominated participants were also awarded an ‘honourable’ diploma — as organizers say, all nominees have done their best for the cause and, because of their work, we have better nature protection, increased climate action, and, most certainly, a better country. Thus, all nominees are winners.

The event was organized by the Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation and the ‘Game On! Don’t let climate change end the game!’ project, funded by the DEAR programme. The project aims to involve young people in the topic of climate change and provoke them to act to mitigate the negative effects on biodiversity, natural resources, ecosystems, and the life of the humans in social, cultural, and economic aspects. Considering the COVID-19 pandemic and giving its best to restrict the spread of the virus, BBF held the event with a heavily decreased number of visitors and focused strongly on the online stream which attracted a much bigger audience than usual.

25 November 2020

In Search of a Climate-Neutral EU

The work to address the sustainability challenges in the European Union fiscal policy cannot stop. With this in mind, CEEweb for Biodiversity, alongside eight NGO’s from the Central and Eastern European region and the European Environmental Bureau, has just launched the new campaign Towards a climate-neutral EU: funding and incentives for a transformative European Green Deal and Recovery Plan in order to get the EU Budget in line with the ambitious environmental and sustainability aspirations of the EU.

By providing input to EU and national policies, exchanging views and experiences, increasing awareness among all stakeholders, and developing targeted recommendations for improving the use of EU funds campaign, we wish to make sure that both the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) and the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RFF) are sustainability-proof.

We call for a reformed EU budget and post-COVID recovery that serve sustainability while increasing well-being. We need to reform the EU budget because unsustainable, incoherent policies lead to a waste of money, waste of time and loss of lives.

Thus, along the campaign, we will continue our work on both the European and national levels to influence decision-making. Among them:

  1. We advocate for improved EU funding and fiscal policy to bring finances in line with environmental ambitions and the European Green Deal.

    The coming weeks present a window of opportunity to influence the European Recovery Plan and MFF — agreed upon by the European Council on 21 July 2020 and waiting for approval by the European Parliament and by national parliaments. We are engaging with European decision-makers to ensure that sustainability checks are included.

  2. We advocate, lobby and raise awareness to the importance of better targeting of EU money in the Member States, particularly in CEE countries, encouraging a green transition.

    As the basic legislative processes relating to the MFF are coming to a conclusion, the most critical next step is by far the preparation of the Partnership Agreements on the European Structural and Investment Funds (PAs). The PAs are legally binding documents signed by the European Commission and national governments of Member States.

Read more about our new campaign, Towards a climate-neutral EU: funding and incentives for a transformative European Green Deal and Recovery Plan.

17 July 2020

A Biodiversity Challenge

2020, the year of the COVID-19 pandemic, is also a make or break year for biodiversity. We are experiencing a sixth mass extinction. After our failures to reach previous targets, we need to act urgently to solve the crisis. Time to take on the challenge!

Game on! Series: It’s Our Turn! (2/4)

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