Documents by CEEweb and its members

STWG members participated in developing the Strategy for Sustainable Tourism Development of the Carpathians that was adopted by the Parties at the 4th Conference of the Parties of the Carpathian Convention in September 2014.

Fourteen case studies on Good Practices of Sustainable Tourism in the Carpathians were collected, also available as seven posters.

In August, 2012 STWG has finalized the improved and upgraded version of Assessment Criteria for National Tourism Development Strategies. This is the core document for assessments of the selected strategies in CEE countries in the light of sustainable development. Read the article about it here.

The assessment criteria for reviewing National Tourism Development Strategies with regard to sustainable development was prepared by the STWG in 2011. This is a tool for the measurement of how well a national strategy fulfills the criteria for sustainable development of tourism. The assessment is based on the Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism, the EU biodiversity policies and CBD guidelines. In addition to the three dimensions of economic, social and environmental impact of tourism, the text focuses on essential elements of modern planning for tourism. The methodology was first tested in Poland in 2011 (see the report for Poland).

A brochure Visit a Better Place to Live! explaining the concept of sustainable tourism and presenting some real life examples was developed by CEEweb Sustainable Tourism Working Group. Download the brochure in EnglishRomanianSerbianUkrainian or Polish (PDF, approx. 700 KB each).

The database on tourism impacts includes theoretical remarks and case studies that illustrate economic, environmental and cultural impacts of tourism. In addition, it contains information on such areas where tourism development can create opportunities for sustainable development. The case studies are from Central and Eastern European countries.

In the framework of the EU CADSES co-financed Carpathian Project CEEweb, ETE and ad hoc CEEweb Carpathian Tourism Working Group developed a Background Document on Sustainable Tourism Opportunities in the Carpathians (PDF, 2 MB).

On 7-8 June 2006, near Babia Gora in Poland, the STWG had a training on tourism product development. The handouts are available for download>>

On 2-4 April 2006 in Osijek, Croatia, the STWG had a training on tourism potential assessment and SWOT analysis as a tool for that. The handouts are available for download>>

On 13 November 2005 in Serbia the chair of the Working Group, Michael Meyer of ETE held a training on sustainable tourism in the framwework of CEEweb Academy. Visit site here>>

Jan Rohac, Michael Meyer. Introduction to Sustainable Tourism. E.T.E., Amber Trail, Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), 2005. 32 pages, (PDF, 3,2 MB).

Other useful links and publications

Case studies

Documents by other nature conservation organisations

Protecting nature for and by tourism

  • IUCN Parks Magazine
    Volume 12 No 1: Tourism and Protected Areas, Tourism in park management strategies
    Volume 16 No 2: The visitor experience challenge, Tourists and protected area stewardship.

Convention on Biological Diversity and tourism

UN, UNEP and UNESCO and tourism

    This Study looks at how tourism has been taken into account in local Agendas 21, as drawn up and implemented by local authorities, it highlights lessons learned, and compares various situations ranging from developing to established municipalities and regions.
    • UNEP/WTO (ed.) (2005); Making Tourism More Sustainable: A Guide for Policy MakersThis Guide presents a comprehensive set of instruments for governments, ranging from planning regulations to economic instruments and the application of certification and indicators, and it sets out 12 aims for sustainable tourism and their implications for policy, and describes the collaborative structures and strategies that are needed at a national and local level.
    • UNEP/Regione Toscana (2005); Marketing sustainable tourism products
      This publication is about understanding the barriers that prevent demand and supply for sustainable tourism services from meeting, the main challenges for the promotion and distribution of services that claim to be ‘sustainable’, and the role that ‘tourism distribution channels’ could play in strengthening the demand/supply link for sustainable tourism products.
  • UNEP Costas Christ, Oliver Hillel, Seleni Matus, Jamie Sweeting; Tourism and biodiversity – Mapping Tourism’s Global Footprint
    “Tourism and Biodiversity: Mapping Tourism’s Global Footprint” is a two-year research project that was conducted in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme. By linking tourism with biodiversity conservation and the well-being of local communities and understanding how and where they overlap, we can develop strategies that both conserve Earth’s most endangered ecosystems and make a significant contribution to alleviating poverty at the same time.
  • UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), WTO (World Tourism Organization) and IUCN (The World Conservation Union);
    Paul F. J. Eagles, Stephen F. McCool and Christopher D. Haynes; Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: Guidelines for Planning and Management 
    These guidelines aim to build an understanding of protected area tourism, and its management. They provide a theoretical structure, but are also intended to help managers in practical ways. The underlying aim is to ensure that tourism contributes to the purposes of protected areas and does not undermine them.
    • UNEP; Integration of biodiversity into national tourism sectors
      This report is one of eight thematic reviews prepared for the Biodiversity Planning Support Programme (BPSP), a program created to help countries strengthen national capacity to prepare and implement National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans in compliance with Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
    • UNESCO Education for Sustainable Development
      The goal of the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005-2014, DESD), for which UNESCO is the lead agency, is to integrate the principles, values, and practices of sustainable development into all aspects of education and learning.
    The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO/OMT) is a specialized agency of the United Nations and the leading international organization in the field of tourism. It serves as a global forum for tourism policy issues and a practical source of tourism know-how.

Tourism Industry and Business

  • WTTC/IFTO/IH&RA/ICCL/UNEP (2002); Industry as a Partner for Sustainable Development: Tourism
    UNEP, in partnership with various industry organisations, has launched a reporting initiative to gauge progress by the private sector towards sustainable development. This effort will contribute to the wider review of progress with the implementation of Agenda 21, under the framework of the World Summit on Sustainable Development.

European Union and tourism

From various countries

  • Australian Government, Department of the Environment and Heritage; Steps to sustainable Tourism
    Planning a sustainable future for tourism, heritage and the environment a tool to use when managing and developing regions, places and tourism products

Other NGOs and research centers

      A non-profit organisation with headquarters in Brussels and 38 National Tourism Organisations (NTOs) of Europe, whose role is to market and promote tourism to Europe in general, and to their individual countries in particular.

  • National Geographic Center for Sustainable Destinations
    Part of the Research, Conservation, and Exploration division of National Geographic Mission Programs, the Center for Sustainable Destinations (CSD) is dedicated to protecting all the world’s distinctive places through wisely managed tourism and enlightened destination stewardship.
  • DestiNet – Sustainable Tourism Information Portal

Tourism Watch (mostly in German)

  • CESD (Center for Ecotourism and Sustainable Development)
    • Amos Bien; A simple user’s guide to certification for sustainable tourism and ecotourism
      A guide to certification for those who have heard about certifying sustainable tourism and ecotourism and want to understand how it works or how to begin the process.
    • Aimee Russillo, Martha Honey and Abigail Rome; Practical steps for funding certification of tourism businesses
      Handbook to provide tourism businesses seeking certification, particularly small businesses, an overview of funding mechanisms and possible sources to help underwrite the costs of undertaking sustainable tourism certification.
    • Zoë Chafe; Consumer Demand and Operator Support for Socially and Environmentally Responsible Tourism
      “Despite recent setbacks to the international tourism industry, including economic recession, disease outbreaks, terrorist attacks, and the war on terrorism, both consumers and travel companies show strong support for responsible tourism. Through a survey of recent studies of tourists and tour operators in the US, Europe, Costa Rica, and Australia, this report shows that consumers are willing to pay more for ethical practices, contribute to community projects, and support tourism certification programs. It discusses responsible tourism challenges, such as confusions from competing eco-labels; and conundrums, including tourists’ professed interest in using hotels that protect the environment, yet lack of inquiry about hotel policies. A four page summary of this report is also available.” (Abstract)
  • Epler Wood International – Epler Wood Report; Stepping Up: Creating a Sustainable Tourism Enterprise Strategy that Delivers in the Developing World
    The central thesis of this paper is that the only way to genuinely address poverty and successfully conserve more landscapes on a grander scale is to generate new wealth in rural areas where the poor reside, while at the same time working to limit wherever possible the environmental impacts of this wealth creation.
  • FRAME – knowledge sharing for the natural resource community with a list of links to various related articles
  • Conservation International; Eileen Gutierrez, Kristin Lamoureux, Seleni Matus, and Kaddu Sebunya; Linking Communities, Tourism & Conservation – A Tourism Assessment Process
    Publication designed by Conservation International (CI) and The George Washington University (GW) for field practitioners to perform a rapid assessment and analysis of tourism potential in a destination. The research-based guidelines and tools reflect accepted criteria and principles of sustainable and ecotourism development.

Online publications

  • Journal of sustainable tourism
    Theoretical, conceptual and empirical research that explores one or more of the economic, social, cultural, political, organisational or environmental aspects of the subject. Overview of contents by issues, full texts provided.